“Mr. Minister of Education Milton Ribeiro: I came to tell you that I am a woman with a disability and that yes, I am in the way. My daughter, who also has a disability, whom you would most likely include in the 12% they are impossible to live with, she also gets in the way. We get in the way by decision, not because we have a disability”, said Mariana Rosa, a woman with a disability, mother of a person with a disability and activist for the feminist collective Hellen Keller.
“Revoga already” has been the most emerging political request currently in the field of struggle of people with disabilities. This is because, represented by the number 10.502/20 – and I put it as a number because I refuse to call it a policy – is contained the ominous text presented by the current government that authorizes the return of Special Schools, so harshly fought for at least 30 years.
:: Bolsonaro retakes special schools from the 1970s and segregates students with disabilities ::
The result of this is the breaking of an incessant struggle that opposes the clinicalizing medical model, which subjugates disability as pathological and not as a condition. This means disregarding historical resistances that go along a path at odds with the various stigmas, which mistakenly mix, but not genuinely, rights with charity, welfare with inclusion, love domain with emancipation and romanticization in the discourse of overcoming social injustices.
What needs to be clarified is that the text contained in this numbering is not only about the removal of people with disabilities from the diverse educational environment – which is already a great wound to the achievements made by this group – but the reinforcement of the economic logic, cultural and historical to which these subjects are designated, the non-belonging. This is because the motto of order when dealing with disability as a condition focuses on subverting the structural order, in an attempt to draw attention to inequality as one of the factors that shapes the most diverse confrontations of people with disabilities on a daily basis.
:: BdF Explains: What are the consequences of the Bolsonaro decree on special education? ::
So, the banner “include” would be succinctly, not denying that disability exists and that it does need visibility and representation. However, it also directs us to the need to build an economic confrontation of inequality, bringing disability to the center of the discussion, moving us from this place of “I never thought about it” to the understanding that disability is one more human characteristic erased by the social structure .
It is necessary to understand this in this complexity to realize the size of the setback and damage that the text of the decree represents. Being even clearer, it is a eugenic and old idea of homogenizing the school, that is, removing from the horizon what contrasts it (contradictions). Thus, if the decree announces that enrollment in regular school or special school is a choice, history replies with the countless refusals not only to enter, but also to remain in the most diverse spaces, the inferiorizing fingers pointed, the label of incapacity , infantilization and silencing as a result.
::Government cannot change special education without due debate, warns prosecutor ::
So it was never a choice, it was always a struggle! The proposal for an inclusive education replaces, although obviously, it does not resolve these contradictions in their entirety. We need to change the school, question the inflexible curricula, the lack of accessibility, subvert the order of exclusion, move from the immutable to the questionable path, because in the end what hinders education is hunger. It is fallacious and fascist the idea that removing people with disabilities from school will solve the problems that build the educational scenario.
What really bothers us is the fact that there is a body with a disability occupying, modifying and building education. This, in itself, is already contradictory to the phenomenon of capital itself, a subversion that should really hinder this project of consumption, suffering and death that is corponomativity. Without a doubt, order is not the objective, since it is precisely it colluding with the infamous idea of discrimination. Inclusion, above all, the life of the person with a disability is not negotiable. Therefore, it is necessary to echo in the same sound as Mariana Rosa again: “To disturb you, Minister, is our most urgent political gesture”
*Viviane Sarmento holds a PhD in Education from the Federal University of Alagoas (UFAL), Adjunct Professor at the Federal University of Agreste of Pernambuco (UFAPE), researcher on the social meanings of disability, activist for the Rights of people with disabilities and for the World March for Women ( MMM).
**This is an opinion piece. The author’s view does not necessarily express the newspaper’s editorial line Brazil in fact.
Source: BoF Pernambuco
Edition: Vanessa Gonzaga