The Food Guide for the Brazilian Population is a publication of the Ministry of Health and had its first edition presented in 2006 following guidelines from the World Health Organization (WHO) for governments to produce and offer the population accessible information on healthy eating, considering the aspects of the local food culture.
In 2015, the second edition of the aforementioned Guide was launched. This edition provides clear information on the principles, the choice of food, the diet of the Brazilian population according to the IBGE Household Budget Survey (POF) (2008-2009), the act of eating, understanding and overcoming obstacles, in addition to of the ten steps to an adequate and healthy diet and, how the process of elaboration of this edition of the guide took place.
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The elaboration of the Food Guide for the Brazilian Population is based on five principles: Food is more than nutrient intake; food recommendations should be in tune with your time; adequate and healthy food derives from a socially and environmentally sustainable food system; different knowledges generate knowledge for the formulation of dietary guides and; food guides expand autonomy in food choices.
These principles bring an intersectoral dimension that encompasses the theme of adequate and healthy food and nutrition, as well as strengthening the strategies for effective nutrition education, which makes the guide an instrument rich in guidance, recommendations and information. It contributes for the population to observe the diversity of food that is produced, value what is produced in each place or region, have the curiosity to learn where and how what arrives on the plate is produced and what forms of combination between the same, in order to have a nutritious diet that promotes the maintenance of health and the prevention of illnesses.
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Another point addressed by the Guide is the recommendation for the population to consume real food, that is, food in nature, which are those that are consumed directly from the production source, whether from plants or animals, and which have not undergone any change as happens with food coming from industries. Minimally processed foods are consumed in nature and they went through cleaning, removing the parts we don’t eat, grinding, drying, fermenting, pasteurizing, refrigerating, freezing. But sugar, salt, oils, fats or other components have not been added to them and they are also recommended by the guide.
The Food Guide describes that “ultra-processed foods are industrial formulations made entirely or mostly from substances extracted from foods (oils, fats, sugar, starch, proteins) derived from food constituents (hydrogenated fats, modified starch) or synthesized in a laboratory based in organic materials such as oil and coal (dyes, flavorings, flavor enhancers, various types of additives used to endow products with attractive sensory properties).”
:: “Brazilians are hungry because they have no income, not for lack of production”, says Stedile ::
From the above description, you can see that ultra-processed products harm health and are everywhere in view of the population, since the food industry uses massive advertising campaigns on these products and, many of them, have affordable prices of low-income populations and without information about the danger of these products to health.
It is essential that society is aware of the Food Guide for the Brazilian Population, appropriates its guidelines and information, to make changes in their dietary pattern, value fairs, markets, family farming in the production of our food, understand that people and the environment are better off when we peel more and unwrap less.
To download the guide, click here.
*Deputy Director of the Research and Advisory Center – Esplar and President of the Food and Nutritional Security Council – Consea Ceará
**This is an opinion piece. The author’s vision does not necessarily express the editorial line of Brasil de Fato.
Source: BoF Ceará
Edition: Francisco Barbosa