The percentage of indigenous people murdered in Brazil jumped 22% over a decade, considering the interval between 2009 and 2019. In all, 2,074 indigenous lives make up the statistic, revealed this Tuesday (31) by the Atlas of Violence 2021. traditional population are unprecedented in the survey, which is published annually and previously did not assess the segment.
At the same time that they jumped among indigenous people, violent deaths dropped 20% in the same period when analyzing the general rate of homicides in the country, according to the survey.
Experts claim that indigenous murders jumped from 15 to 18.3 for every 100,000 inhabitants, while national figures for the general population show a decline from 27.2 to 21.7 for every 100,000 in the same period. The numbers are collected from the Mortality Information System (SIM), of the Ministry of Health.
The Atlas is produced by the Institute for Applied Economic Research (IPEA) in partnership with the Brazilian Forum on Public Security (FBSP) and the Jones dos Santos Neves Institute (IJSN). This year’s version shows, for example, that the years with the highest number of indigenous deaths were 2017 and 2018, with 247 and 240 records in the country.
It also points out that the states of Amazonas, Roraima and Mato Grosso do Sul lead the ranking of murders in the segment in terms of absolute numbers. The three registered, respectively, 49, 41 and 39 murders.
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The data comes to light in a context in which Brazil is experiencing an increase in rural conflicts, driven by disputes over water, land, natural resources and minerals. Ruralism, illegal logging and mining are among the activities that lead to conflicts with the traditional population.
Edition: Vivian Virissimo