On September 11, 2001, different US locations, such as New York, were hit in an attack orchestrated by the al-Qaida network, led by Saudi Osama bin Laden. The shocking images of the burning World Trade Center towers still mark the beginning of the 21st century.
Shortly after the attacks, in October, then US President George W. Bush decided to invade Afghanistan to overthrow the Taliban, the ultra-conservative Afghan group that ruled the country and had given shelter to bin Laden. This, however, was the trigger for a global interventionist policy under the name of “War on Terror”.
:: September 11 created “state of super surveillance”, says US researcher ::
Washington’s interventions had three central characteristics: implementation of neoliberal projects, defense of the interests of the intervening countries themselves, as in the case of Iraq, and the movement of a war industry that generated immense profits.
From 2001 to 2019, according to a study by Brown University, it was around 6.4 trillion dollars (somewhere around 32.7 trillion reais).
But without a doubt the most tragic impact was the deaths of civilians, which reached around 335,000 people in the context of military operations.
:: Islamic State is responsible for attack in Kabul, say US ::
So, on the one hand we have the Taliban’s return to power in Afghanistan, which could be an indication of a failure of US imperialist interventions. On the other hand, a new framework for imperial action was designed, one that did not necessarily seek peace, democracy or stability, but that generated lucrative markets and new forms of control.
O BoF explains provides a brief historical review and highlights the main legacies of the actions that followed the terrorist attacks, from how we took the plane and how we worried about being watched, to the political ruins left in many countries, such as Afghanistan, Iraq and Libya.
Edition: Leandro Melito