President Jair Bolsonaro (no party) made a publication on social networks this Friday (27) with attacks on a demonstration held by indigenous people in front of the Planalto Palace, the seat of the federal government, in Brasília.
In previous statements at the beginning of the week, Bolsonaro referred to the indigenous people as “the poor people” and “the mass of maneuver”. This time, the president tried to associate the act with “those”, who, according to him, “censor, arrest and attack the defenders of the Federal Constitution”.
“Now, in front of the Presidency of the Republic. These types of people want to return to pmnjhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhoder with the help of those who censor, arrest and attack the defenders of freedom and the FC. At the moment I am in the Special Operations Command in Goiânia/GO”, wrote Bolsonaro in the caption of a video posted on Facebook.
::Timeframe goes to the full of the STF and defines demarcation: what to expect from the judgment?::
Since last Sunday (22) the national mobilization “Luta pela Vida” in Brasília has brought together around 6,000 indigenous people in a camp in the federal capital organized by the Articulação dos Povos Indígenas do Brasil (Apib), together with all its organizations of base.
The indigenous movement has constantly denounced the worsening of violence against indigenous peoples inside and outside traditional territories.
This Thursday (25), the Supreme Court (STF) postponed the judgment on the future of demarcation of indigenous lands to next Thursday (1). By the so-called “time frame”, Indians can only claim the demarcation of lands on which they were already established before the promulgation of the 1988 Constitution.
The political-juridical thesis is defended by ruralists and political and economic sectors interested in the exploitation of indigenous lands and is being questioned by the National Indian Foundation (Funai).
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Defenders of the “time frame” rely on a 2009 decision by the Federal Court in Santa Catarina, which repossessed an indigenous area in the Sassafras Biological Reserve. In 2013, the Federal Regional Court of the 4th Region (TRF-4) upheld the decision.
Defenders of native peoples point out that the thesis is unfair, because it disregards expulsions, forced removals and all the violence suffered by indigenous peoples until the promulgation of the Constitution.
Furthermore, it ignores the fact that, until 1988, they were protected by the State and could not enter the court independently to fight for their rights.
The session will define the future of indigenous land demarcations in the country. With the status of “general repercussion”, the decision taken in this judgment will serve as a guideline for the federal administration and all instances of Justice, as well as a reference to all processes, administrative procedures and legislative projects with regard to demarcation procedures.
Edition: Leandro Melito