President Jair Bolsonaro’s supporters, contrary to what he implies, are not in favor of a military coup. The finding comes from the research “Bolsonarism in Brazil”, carried out by the Institute of Social and Political Studies of UERJ (University of the State of Rio de Janeiro) and by the Institute for Reform of Relations between State and Business (Iree).
According to the qualitative research, the group of participants who showed support for the return of the military dictatorship was significantly minority, even among those most loyal to the retired captain. The supporters who favor an authoritarian military regime have basically restricted themselves to older men and with a more radical profile in all the other topics dealt with by the institutes.
“I don’t have the authority to talk about this matter because I didn’t live under the dictatorship. I only heard stories, I only studied about. I hope we keep democracy. As for supporting the Army in political discussions, I support it”, said an unidentified participant in the survey, aged 25, resident in Goiânia (GO), who does not regret having voted for Bolsonaro.
On the other hand, most participants welcome the presence of military personnel in the federal government. Currently, there are more than 6,000 people in uniform and occupying a position in the federal civil administration. In the analysis of the institutes, “the bulk of Bolsonaro supporters have a very idealized view of the military, as people with firm values, disciplined and obedient to the hierarchy”. Still, a part criticized the military’s lack of technical preparation at the Ministry of Health, even citing the “incompetence” of former minister Eduardo Pazuello.
Over the past three months, Covid’s Parliamentary Inquiry Commission (CPI) has pointed to the presence of military personnel for alleged corruption schemes in the Ministry of Health involving the acquisition of vaccines against covid-19, such as Eduardo Pazuello and the former secretary -executive of the folder, Colonel Elcio Franco.
The survey also touched on other issues, such as corruption, the 2022 presidential election, security, family and the pandemic. On this last point, among the most loyal supporters, the majority defended that the delay in the purchase of immunization agents was due to “caution” by Bolsonaro. Among those regretting the vote, there was a strong demonstration of indignation at the delay.
The survey was conducted between 15 and 30 May this year, with 24 focus groups, each with an average of eight participants.
Edition: Vivian Virissimo