This Wednesday (1), the Supreme Federal Court (STF) should resume the judgment that binds the demarcation of indigenous lands to the time frame, of October 5, 1988, when the Federal Constitution was promulgated.
With this, several acts are scheduled to take place in the country against this link. In Ceará, the actions take place in Fortaleza, Crateús and Itarema. In the capital of Ceará, the demonstration will be concentrated, from 1 pm, on Praça Murilo Borges, in front of the headquarters of the Federal Justice. In addition to Fortaleza, events are also confirmed in Crateús, with a concentration at 1:30 pm at Posto Beira Rio and in Itarema, near the Rotatória, starting at 3:00 pm.
Ceiça Pitaguary, coordinator of the Federation of Indigenous Peoples of Ceará (Fepoince) affirms that the actions of September 1st are important to mark and demarcate space. For her, it is also a way of showing resistance from indigenous peoples in the face of the current adverse situation.
“The main objective is to pressure the STF ministers to vote in favor of the Xokleng People, in this way the decision will not affect the other indigenous lands in the country.”
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Cassimiro Tapeba, executive coordinator of Articulation of Indigenous Peoples and Organizations of the Northeast, Minas Gerais and Espírito Santo (Apoinme) emphasizes that the importance of these acts is the fact that they symbolize the resistance of indigenous peoples in defense of the guarantee of constituted territories.
“We are in this fight, even though it is a case of the Xokleng people, from the south of the country, but it has general repercussion, so it may be that this thesis is used [marco temporal] to judge other territorial demarcation processes. The fight must be collective and, for sure, there will be acts beyond Brasília, but in all the states of the country”.
For Cassimiro, these acts symbolize the resistance of the peoples. He says that it is not a matter of pressuring and diminishing the institution that the STF is, but it is an act of support and, somehow, it is also to show that “we are here in the country and make this institution, the Supreme Court, may judge in favor of indigenous peoples”.
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“We have an economic class there, a political class working against indigenous peoples, mainly business, agribusiness, with a lot of political influence, but with a lot of resistance indigenous peoples and grassroots organizations that accompany Apib have organized this act resistance throughout the country”.
Cassimiro explains that the time frame represents a setback for indigenous peoples, as well as for the entire Brazilian and world society, in view of the issue of climate change, deforestation, fires, in short, a series of problems that are already happening and that , according to him, with the vote in favor of the time frame, the risk increases even more for indigenous peoples.
“This theory does not apply [marco temporal] for indigenous peoples. It comes from a Eurocentric thinking, it comes from the thinking of the business economic class, mainly linked to Brazilian agribusiness, which wants to exterminate indigenous peoples and usurp the natural wealth which has the power, it has this material value for them, but for us, the indigenous peoples, it has a symbolic value, it has an ancestral value, it has the value of life for everyone”, says Cassimiro.
For Ceiça, Marco Temporal represents an affront to the original rights of indigenous peoples. “It also represents a delay in what weighs on indigenous legislation in the country.”
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She affirms that it is important that the time frame is not approved because “that’s the only way we won’t have indigenous lands throughout Brazil being reviewed. It is also a way of stopping invasions into indigenous territories”.
“We defend the Xokleng people and there, as a matter of general repercussion, the issue of the indigenous peoples of Ceará is also raised, which is the most backward state in terms of indigenous territorial demarcation,” says Cassimiro.
He informs that of the fifteen indigenous peoples of Ceará, two indigenous lands are in the process of demarcation already completed, but that there is still a process of demarcation and some have not yet started the process of studying the territory. At the level of Brazil, he informs that he has more than 400 lands still with the request to start this study process with the GT to identify the areas.
“Unfortunately, in this government, we will not be able to demarcate territories because of the crime that the Executive Branch is committing in the person of President Bolsonaro. So we expect this resistance, and then it is not to reduce as I said the institution of the STF, but support and that the STF itself enforce the Federal Constitution guaranteeing the territories, guaranteeing life, guaranteeing physical reproduction, guarantee of organizations, of indigenous peoples, to be able to organize themselves in defense of the territory, of what is most sacred”, concludes Cassimiro.
The entities leading the act are the Federation of Indigenous Peoples of Ceará (Fepoince) and the Articulation of Indigenous Peoples and Organizations of the Northeast, Minas Gerais and Espírito Santo (Apoinme) and also the Articulation of Indigenous Peoples of Brazil (Apib ) and other grassroots organizations, support organizations, other social movements that are there with us in this process of political act.
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Source: BoF Ceará
Edition: Monyse Ravenna