Given the high price of food in the country, the consumption and sale of products from agroecology point to a different path of food and nutritional insecurity, according to Adriana Charoux, coordinator of the campaign “Agroecology against Hunger”, by Greenpeace Brasil, who distributes healthy food to populations in situations of social vulnerability.
According to Charoux, in an interview with Brazil in fact, the rise in prices is directly related to agribusiness, which “much more favors exports at the expense of a brutal increase in the price of food and an exponential increase in the hunger of the Brazilian population”.
In one year, the “made dish” rose practically triple the inflation rate, according to a survey carried out by Matheus Peçanha, researcher and economist at the Brazilian Institute of Economics of the Getúlio Vargas Foundation (FGV IBRE): 22.57% in 12 months compared to 8.75% of the Consumer Price Index (IPC) in the same period. In this account, among those that had a rise in price, are rice (37.5%), tomatoes (37.24%), beef (32.69%), whole chicken (22.73%), black beans ( 18.46%), eggs (13.5%) and lettuce (9.74%).
::The contradiction between records in agribusiness and hunger in Brazil::
At the same time, Brazil is already the fourth largest grain producer in the world, behind only China, the United States and India, and the second largest exporter of products, accounting for 19% of the international market, according to a study released by the Company Brazilian Agricultural Research (Embrapa), linked to the Ministry of Agriculture, in June this year.
This means that, with Brazilian agribusiness looking extensively at the global market, food pricing is essentially in dollars, even though it is traded in the country. With the export of a large quantity of food, there is a shortage in the domestic market, which also forces the price up.
Check the interview in full:
Brasil de Fato: Why is the rise in food prices directly related to the mode of production and marketing of agribusiness and not simply a consequence of inflation? What is the role of agribusiness in this scenario?
Adriana Charoux: Higher food prices are a reality that is making everyone worried. My money buys less and less food and unfortunately this scenario only tends to get worse, because with the boom of the production of commodities in the global market, more than ever, they are highly valued, and Brazil continues to bet on agribusiness as the great way to hold the ends. Many farmers end up producing what will have more value. So many, for example, are producing soy.
::Why do millions of Brazilians go hungry if the country harvests record harvests?::
And this has everything to do with rising prices. High prices are not a root cause, but it is a direct consequence of this hegemonic agricultural model that is established in Brazil, which favors exports much more, the concentration of wealth and profit in the hands of a few at the expense of brutally more expensive food. , of an exponential increase in the hunger of the Brazilian population.
What we are seeing now is still little of what we will see dramatic in the coming years, as researchers are analyzing the boom in commodities it will last for at least another two years. That’s why we reinforce that high prices and hunger are consequences of this model, of this absolutely perverse choice of the food production and consumption food system established in Brazil today.
In this scenario, how and why can agroecology be a solution?
Brazil returned to the Map of Hunger. This is dramatic because it is not inevitable, it is not the result of a food shortage, but the result of a mistaken complementary political decision by the State and Brazilian companies, greatly strengthened by this established and radicalized neoliberal policy of removing a fundamental right from the Brazilian population, which is the right to access real food.
Agroecology is the way to overcome these multiple crises that we are experiencing today, as a counterpoint to agribusiness as established. Do Brazilians eat soy and a lot of soy-based stuff? Yes, but our diet is much richer and agribusiness has not promoted this. It has promoted the opposite. The agro is supplied by huge doses of pesticides and contains all the characteristics that we understand as harmful and contrary to any horizon of environmental protection, of rights.
Therefore, when we bet on agroecology, we are betting on this package of good, which not only benefits the places where this production is taking place, because it is done in an allied way in harmony with nature, in a much fairer way and promotes food security. The narrative war, the agro is pop, tech, everything, when in fact who is really pop is the agroecology that actually serves the country, the environment and also provides the basis for us to be able to continue feeding in the near and more distant future as well.
There is an established narrative that says that organic food is for a small portion of the population, who are able to buy it. But it’s not quite like that, right?
This is one of the fallacies promoted and encouraged in this very perverse narrative war by agribusiness. Channel marketing is everything. It all depends on where you buy this food and you buy it directly from the producer, you can actually access healthy food, much more nutritious and much more suitable from an environmental point of view.
Choose better where and from whom to buy. It’s time for Brazilians to leave the supermarket or buy everything at the supermarket, because it ends up strengthening this perverse logic of brutally more expensive food that increases hunger.
By the way, the rise in prices is the only reason we are still not having a shortage of rice and beans, because if everyone were in a position to consume, it would be lacking. This is very brutal.
Not to mention that, by favoring the foreign market, agribusiness ends up pricing food in dollars.
Exactly, one more element for us to see the difference between food and commodities. If you think that soybeans are established by the Chicago Stock Exchange, this brutal speculation process reinforces this idea that food is a commodity. For agribusiness, food is a commodity. For agroecology, food is life, it is food, production serves to feed, strengthen territories. Brazil more than ever needs agroecology.
This model based on monoculture, forest devastation and intensive and unequal use of water is already putting us in a situation of deepening climate impacts. There are several studies that show that the regime of flying rivers is already quite affected by deforestation. This has affected agribusiness as well. In Mato Grosso, several places that had more crops now have less, because the rainfall regime has totally changed.
::”Agro is Fire”: dossier reveals the relationship between government, agribusiness and deforestation::
As Ernst Götschrnest Got argues, it is possible to grow food by planting forests. So agroecology is one of the fundamental issues, as it is working in harmony with nature and not having nature as an element to be mastered. And as if that were not much, the logic of agroecology ends up strengthening the territories, it is also based on a logic of short production and consumption circuits. That is, to decentralize production and make production as close as possible to consumption centers, and this greatly reduces the greenhouse gas load in the transport of these loads, considering Brazil’s continental dimensions and which has always invested in this road model.
Edition: Anelize Moreira