Vanda Vieira is a member of the Vila Canaã residents’ association, located in the Novo Mundo neighborhood. As a child, she and her family were pioneer residents in the region. The family settled on the site in 1978 when “everything was high grass around there”, and the land still belonged to Caixa Econômica Federal.
Only a decade later did the occupation and division of lots on the banks of the Formosa river take place. The occupation began in 1991, led by the historical leadership of Jairo Graminho, who was also involved in the Revolta dos Settlers in southwestern Paraná.
And the region was known by the name of Formosa. Inside, there are several villages with their own trajectories. In 1994, for example, the so-called village “Cooperativa Luta pela Terra” was created, separating the then association Vila Formosa and later giving birth to Associação Vila Canaã – as reported in a documentary produced by the Popular Democracy Institute (IDP).
::In Curitiba, residents are ignored in agreement on regularization of occupation ::
One thing is right. Almost exactly thirty years later, which will be completed on September 7 of this year, there is a lot of dissatisfaction among residents with the lack of land title regularization, title and deed of the lot in their hands.
The first item of the revolt is the fact that the region is built and benefited by the residents themselves. When the public authorities arrived at the site, the residents had already installed electricity, water, drainage and paving in a place previously known as a wetland.
Another issue that is unworthy is the fact that the Curitiba Housing Company (Cohab) even collected payments from families, many in the order of R$ 800, even though the mixed company acquired the lots for a much lower price.
Due to the valuation of land, calculated by lawyers at 400%, residents felt increasingly pressured and less and less able to pay the installments, although they do not want to leave the ground where they had planted flags and dreams.
With no possibility of unfair payment, they then joined the collective adverse possession action, as lawyer Bruno Meirinho explains. “The common reality is that they have a possession that they could take advantage of. The city hall has taken an aggressive stance, threatening to take them out if they don’t pay”, he criticizes, pointing out the willingness of the residents to contract with the mixed company, but the square meter of the lot, in a comparison, jumped from the price of R$ 90 ( updated values) to the current R$350.
::Caximba residents criticize Cohab and demand a new form of registration::
“In 2016, the city called people, prices had already doubled compared to 2014. These are abusive contracts, it was understood that the residents did not refuse to make the contracts. However, two years later, with a more expensive contract, despair was total. The longer they resisted, the more the price increased. The Public Prosecutor’s Office was called and started to try to mediate”, points out Meirinho.
change the system
Vanda Vieira also points out that, since 2006, the company started to get closer to the residents. However, without presenting effective outputs. There were some relocations at the site, from houses near the river. Other residents, however, such as Vanda, do not want to be relocated. The criteria, after all, are not clear. “My house is 17 meters from the river, which runs under the street”, reports the leadership, but they still have not had a satisfactory answer from the company. And she concludes: “There has to be a recycling of Cohab”.
“The areas that make up Bolsão Formosa (Uberlândia, Formosa, São José and Canaã) have several complex documentary issues still pending resolution: negotiation of private areas, disaffection of stretches of streets and transfer of areas from the Municipality. there is no way to move forward with the land regularization process.
At a meeting held (07/31/19) at Cohab’s headquarters, the company presented its proposal: R$ 348 per square meter, while the market value for the region was R$ 851 at the time.
At the end of the meeting, some residents came forward to form a commission to seek alternatives to the impasse regarding values. It was agreed that the commission formed would look to Cohab for new meetings, a fact that never happened.
There is no pressure on residents to sign contracts, as the area has not yet been regularized.
Cohab Curitiba has always been and continues to open its doors to dialogue with the communities in which it operates.”
Source: BoF Paraná
Edition: Frédi Vasconcelos