Jair Santana, 58, has been a history teacher at the Recife municipal school system since 1988. Due to his age and time of contribution, he should already be a retired teacher. And he has been trying to guarantee his right to retirement since the beginning of 2020, when he applied to retire. Now he depends on the Recife City Hall to ratify through publication in the official gazette and dismissal.
“I did a master’s degree and took a leave of absence for two years. City Hall charged me for these two years. I’ve already paid for that time and I still haven’t got it. In February 2020, I signed in, but until now I just wait,” he says.
According to the Municipal Union of Teaching Professionals of the Recife Official Network (SIMPERE), Jair’s case is not isolated. The legal sector of the union institution is following about 80 processes of professors trying to retire.
According to Cláudia Ribeiro, from the Union’s board, this difficulty is not a specificity of teachers, but of all municipal employees.
“It’s not just the teachers, but the municipal employees as a whole who want to retire have been waiting at least a year to get it. And retirement is not a concession, it is a right provided for by law”, he emphasizes.
Outsourcing and Retirement
Ribeiro argues that the possible causes for this delay are in the choices that the municipal administration has made with the aim of scrapping public services, under the argument that workers are “burdens” for the public sector.
“Governments cling to this argument indicating retirement as one of those promoting this burden. We have already asked the City Hall to show the calculations for this, but we never had access to anything”.
About the city hall’s management policy, the union member highlights.
“Our social security has a logic of solidarity: The current generation guarantees the retirement of what comes after. As it stops taking a public exam, it promotes this ‘deficit’. It is a policy of this administration to choose to outsource professionals – they are hired by determined time and do not contribute to social security. Outsourcing is quite complicated because it precarious, it does not concern professionals, who are excellent, but they are workers without rights. And without labor rights, they do not contribute to the social security system.”
The system that Cláudia mentions is Reciprev, which has the Recife Municipality’s Own Social Security System (RPPS), which was instituted with the objective of ensuring public servants in effective positions the benefits of retirement and pension on death, from capital of Pernambuco. This system has just undergone a reformulation, which revises the social security rules.
In all, 19,000 public servants will be affected by the rules, which increase the minimum age for retirement and the social security rate, in addition to changing the calculation for granting the benefit.
“João Campos managed to approve a Social Security Reform already based on an Administrative Reform. And welfare is cruel, especially with women. The situation of a teacher who is going to retire at the Recife City Hall today is worse than that of one who is going to retire under the Bolsonaro Reform. The woman will have to work for another 6 years. It’s a perversity without limits”, defends Jair.
The article sought out the City Administration Secretariat for further clarification on the deadlines for responses to requests for retirement, but, until the closing of this article, there was no return.
Types of Retirement
The forms of retirement provided for the public service, under the specific social security regime for employees of effective office holders, provided for by the Special Social Security Regime, are: Due to disability – with earnings proportional to the contribution time – art.40,§ 1, I of CF/88 or if due to an accident on the job or an illness considered serious by law, with full earnings; Compulsory – upon completing 70 years of age, with earnings proportional to the time of contribution and by age that is voluntary with proportional earnings or By age and time of contribution – voluntary with full earnings.
What has changed in the Social Security Reform
The amendments proposed by Mayor João Campos (PSB) increases the social security rate for public servants from 12.82% to 14%, in addition to imposing a minimum age of 61 and 64 years for women and men to retire, respectively.
The change in the minimum age for retirement is different for teachers, being 56 years for women – which was previously 550 and 59 for men – which used to be 55. In these cases, it is necessary to have 25 years in teaching, with with the exception of being ten years in public service and five years in the position in which he retires.
Changes were also approved in the Civil Servant Statute and a Voluntary Dismissal Program for civil servants under the Consolidation of Labor Laws (CLT) regime in municipal authorities. With the change, for the granting of pensions, 90% of the highest remunerations will be calculated. Before, it was 80%. The change decreases the value of what the worker receives at the end of the month.
Source: BoF Pernambuco
Edition: Vanessa Gonzaga