Union entities from the Federal District participated in a march against PEC 32 on the Esplanada dos Ministérios last Tuesday (3). The measure, which alters provisions on civil servants, public employees and administrative organization, is seen by the country’s trade union centrals as the hardest blow to the social functions of the State and the provision of public services to society.
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The act brought together different entities representing civil servants from different sectors, organized with the objective of mobilizing all categories for the construction of the general strike of the civil servants, called for August 18th.
In the assessment of the secretary general of the Union of Federal Public Servants in the Federal District (SINDSEP-DF), Oton Pereira Neves, PEC 32 represents a setback of more than a century in the relationship between workers in the public sector and the State , by ending stability and practically extinguishing civil service exams, career plans and parity between active and retired people: “A civil servant provides services and serves the public”, he recalled; “server appointed by politician serves the politician”.
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The march was held at the beginning of the return of the activities of the National Congress, which has already shown a hurry in processing the measure. On Tuesday, August 3, the rapporteur of PEC 32/2020 in the Special Committee, Deputy Arthur Oliveira Maia (DEM/BA), declared that he will present his opinion within seven days after the last public hearing on the subject.
Union of public servants from the three spheres of government
Between the 29th and 30th of July, workers from the public service participated in a large national meeting, the result of a broad process of unity between various trade union centrals and social movements in the country.
On the occasion, deputy Rogério Correia (PT), coordinator of the Mixed Parliamentary Front in Defense of Public Service, assessed that the proposed change in legislation aims to continue a coup that plowed land for neocolonialism, seeking to foster a technocracy which places fiscal adjustment above society’s interests.
“This PEC is a market demand, it is a market order of Brazilian capitalists and elites who demand that this private sector of billions be made so that companies play the role of the State in providing public service. This is what Bolsonaro is negotiating with Centrão, which also obeys the market. Since the current president took office, we have seen the approval of the fiscal adjustment PECs, the privatization of Eletrobrás, the loss of the Central Bank’s autonomy and, now, the privatization of the Correios and this PEC 32”, evaluates the congressman.
According to the deputy, the opposition is able to obstruct the approval of the proposal, while the working class builds a broad mobilization. In general, it is up to the workers in the public service to continue to fight the measure, by acting before the National Congress during the processing and voting of the PEC.
In addition, it is important not to lose sight of the mobilizations in the streets, which aim to weaken the current government and its privatist and anti-popular agenda, in addition to taking the debate to society, which is mainly affected by the destruction of public services, especially in its more vulnerable.
The results of the event were published in a manifesto that points out the various measures and actions implemented by the Bolsonaro government with the objective of reducing the role of the State, privatizing companies and public services, in addition to reducing investments, supply of essential public services and policies for combating inequalities.
As the document attests, unlike what sectors of the media and government have been pointing out, most public servants (53%) have incomes of up to four minimum wages, a figure that reaches 75% in the municipal public service.
Furthermore, the loss of stability affects not only the labor rights of these career professionals, but the entire structure of the public service, which will be subjected to momentary political circumstances and private interests, dependent on ideological variations in the occasion.
In addition to the loss of stability, the possibility of occupying technical functions by appointment, which will lead to the politicization of decisions that should strictly serve the public interest, a fact that will also open wide gaps for the intensification of corrupt practices and bullying of public servants in the country.
Neither “reform” nor “administrative”
In the assessment of João Domingos, president of the Confederation of Public Servants of Brazil (CSPB), PEC 32 does not deserve the privilege of being called an administrative reform, since it meets the objectives of fiscal and ideological adjustment, both constituents of the ultraliberal project that the Bolsonaro government is implementing in the country.
In fact, the noun “reform” designates processes of improvement and improvement, while the adjective “administrative” presupposes a general concern with the principles of Public Administration. On the contrary, the proposed amendment to the Constitution PEC 32 proposes to withdraw the primacy of public competition as an instrument for selecting personnel, weakening and/or eliminating the stability of public servants, reducing salary levels, in addition to transferring public activities essential for the private initiative. It also gives the President of the Republic broad powers in reorganizing the functioning of the State.
As Paulo Barela (CSP Conlutas) recalled, the proposal and processing of the PEC 32 takes place in the midst of a situation of pandemic crisis that has already claimed more than 550 thousand workers in Brazil. In addition to the specific agenda of struggles on the PEC, the union leader stressed the importance of social movements advancing in the construction of a class front that proposes not only the confrontation of the Bolsonaro government, but also the beginning of a debate with a view to drawing up a program of rupture with the capitalist social fabric that massacres the working class.
The PEC had its admissibility approved by the Committee on Constitution, Justice and Citizenship (CCJ) at the end of May. After being analyzed by the special committee, the text will still be voted on in two rounds in the Plenary and, to be approved, it will need the support, in each one of them, of at least 308 votes of the 513 deputies.
The national calendar of struggles against PEC 32 includes holding a general public sector strike on August 18, in addition to communication campaigns and actions to mobilize councilors, state representatives, governors, mayors and federal deputies against the measure. The objective is to prevent the Brazilian public service from being transformed into a private business, causing immeasurable damage to the majority of the country’s population, which depends on more and better public services to live with dignity.
Source: Federal District BdF
Edition: Flávia Quirino