This winter, Brazil is facing very low temperatures. The cold wave has already left 12 people dead in São Paulo and recorded snow in Santa Catarina for three days in a row. In other countries, it was also possible to observe major changes in the climate. Canada and China, for example, registered 49ºC at the end of last month (the Northern Hemisphere is currently going through summer) and suffered from heavy flooding a few weeks after the great heat.
According to Stela Herschmann, climate policy specialist at the Climate Observatory, the cases are the result of environmental destruction. “The climate crisis we are already experiencing is caused by an unprecedented increase in the concentration of greenhouse gases in the atmosphere. This increase is caused by man. And the best known is CO2 (carbon dioxide), emitted by industries”, he explains.
According to the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change, the world is approaching an average warming of 1.5ºC. According to a study published in the journal Climate Change in Nature, in the next 30 years, record temperatures will become two to seven times more frequent in the world.
:: “I wake up and look to the side to see if my friend is alive”, says a homeless person in SP ::
According to Rafael Franca, professor at the geography department at the University of Brasília (UnB), the poorest population suffers most from the situation.
“When a heavy rain hits a city, it doesn’t hit all the inhabitants of that city in the same way. Populations living in these vulnerable situations will face greater impacts. So, the vulnerable population is always the most affected, the climate risk for them is greater”, he says.
Edition: Vinícius Segalla