Isolated, Bolsonaro will address the General Assembly of

Next Tuesday (21), President Jair Bolsonaro (no party) will address the General Assembly of the United Nations (UN). This will be Bolsonaro’s third speech at the event since taking office in 2019.

Since the 10th General Assembly, in 1955, it has been tradition for the president of Brazil to make the opening speech at the event. Only in 1983 and 1984, the speech was not made by a Brazilian.

Claiming not to have been vaccinated, Bolsonaro sparked controversy when he landed in New York. In the city, people can only have access to several places, including restaurants, if they present proof of vaccination against covid.

New York City has tried to demand that heads of state be required to provide proof of vaccination to enter the United Nations building, but UN Secretary General Antonio Guterres said the organization would not be able to demand that.

Expectation: moderate speech or for allies?

In the other times he spoke at the General Assembly of the United Nations (UN), President Jair Bolsonaro spoke with his voter base, being categorical in blaming indigenous people for the burnings in the Amazon and denying the increase in deforestation in Brazilian lands or issues as socialism and economic situation.

This time, Bolsonaro added that he will defend the thesis of the time frame.

In his debut speech, at the UN General Assembly Bolsonaro had the support of the then American president Donald Trump, who shared his ideology, as well as Chancellor Ernesto Araújo, international advisor Filipe Martins, as well as Eduardo Bolsonaro, all under the ideology of Olavo de Carvalho.

As early as 2019, Bolsonaro reaffirmed his anti-diplomatic stance. For this edition without its supporters and after the ideological defeat of September 7, Bolsonaro must be more measured. (See below for some strategic points on the subject).

Expectation: moderate speech or for allies?

What is the time frame?

The bill provides that indigenous peoples would only have rights to lands that were in their possession or under legal dispute until the day the Federal Constitution was promulgated, on October 5, 1988.

Why is the time frame being discussed today?

The process began with the so-called Extraordinary Appeal with general repercussion (RE-RG) 1,017,365, which is being processed in the Federal Supreme Court (STF). The action is a claim for repossession filed by the Environment Institute of Santa Catarina (IMA) against Funai and the Xokleng people.

The disputed land claimed by the IMA is the TI Ibirama-Laklanõ. The territory, in addition to having its original size reduced, has already been ratified by anthropological studies by Funai.

Why is this judgment central to the future of indigenous peoples in Brazil?

In a decision of April 11, 2019, the plenary of the STF unanimously recognized the “general repercussion” of the judgment of RE 1,017,365. This means that what is judged in this case will serve to establish a thesis of reference to all cases involving indigenous lands, in all instances of the Judiciary.

There are many cases of land demarcation and possession disputes over TIs that are currently under court. There are also many legislative measures that aim to withdraw or relativize the constitutional rights of indigenous peoples. By admitting the general repercussion, the STF also recognizes that there is a need for a definition on the subject.

A process brought by the Institute for the Environment of Santa Catarina (IMA) could affect the future of indigenous peoples in Brazil.

what is at stake?

Recognition or denial of the most fundamental right of indigenous peoples: the right to land.

Edition: Vivian Virissimo

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