With the second highest index of land concentration in Brazil, only behind Bahia, Mato Grosso do Sul is the state that registers the most cases of violence against the indigenous population, according to a survey by the Socioenvironmental Institute (ISA), released this week, which collected and systematized information on land concentration and violence against indigenous peoples in Brazil.
According to the survey, large properties in the state (with more than 1,000 hectares) account for 83% of the area of all rural properties in Mato Grosso do Sul, while small properties (with less than 50 hectares) represent only 4%. Only 10% of the largest rural properties in the state (8,674 in total) add up to 23 million hectares, with an average area of 2,680 hectares per owner.
On the other hand, Indigenous Lands (TIs) occupy only 2.5% of the territory of Mato Grosso do Sul, despite the state being the second in the country with more people living in Indigenous Lands, 85,000 in total, less than the Amazons. If each of them had the average 2,680 hectares of the largest landowners in the state, the Indigenous Lands would not even fit within Mato Grosso do Sul and would exceed 6.4 times the total area of the state, according to the survey.
Read more: The agro is white: black properties occupy half the area of white land
Historically, Mato Grosso do Sul is the state of the federation with the most cases of violence against the indigenous population. Between 2003 and 2019, the state, which concentrates large farms producing commodities, accounted for 39% of the 1,367 murders of indigenous leaders in Brazil, according to a survey by the Indigenous Missionary Council (Cimi).
According to the ISA survey, 77% of land conflicts in Mato Grosso do Sul between 2005 and 2019 “are related to struggles for the recognition of indigenous lands”.
The full survey can be found at this link.
Edition: Sarah Fernandes