Next Friday (27), the 67 families of the Carlos Marighella settlement, located in Congonhinhas, Paraná, will make a big move to donate food to the underserved population in the region.
The action is part of the national solidarity campaign of the Landless Rural Workers Movement (MST), but has a special component: peasants celebrate the guaranteed right to the land on which they live.
After 22 years of struggle, the court confirmed the creation of the settlement in a unanimous decision. The decision of the Federal Regional Court of the 4th Region (TRF4) was confirmed on July 21st. Now, it is up to the Institute for Colonization and Agrarian Reform (Incra) to continue the process.
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The land was occupied for the first time in 1999. At the time, a first inspection by Incra had already identified the unproductiveness of the area, which was called Fazenda Pompéia. Still, the families who were at the site were evicted the following year.
New occupations were formed, but it was only in 2014 that possession of the region took place, an essential condition for expropriation and destination for Agrarian Reform. Later that year, the creation of the Settlement Project was published in the Official Gazette of the Union. The process, however, was halted due to a decision by the state court.
José Damasceno, a member of the MST’s state coordination, says that the decision brings a new chapter for the families in the region and is the result of a long period of resistance and persistence. He emphasizes that, given the crisis in which Brazil finds itself, the meaning of the conquest goes even deeper and reaffirms the importance of agrarian reform.
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“It takes place in a critical period, of political and economic crisis, in which the Bolsonaro government persecutes social movements, persecutes the poor and blocked agrarian reform. This achievement has this meaning that we face, even in adverse periods, in difficult periods . It is possible to advance, it is possible to walk”, says the leadership.
“In this period of great hunger and great misery caused by the economic crisis and by this government, the Agrarian Reform is the only way to take the Brazilian people out of hunger. A field of land, where families can produce food to feed themselves, earn income and to practice solidarity to kill the hunger of the less favored. Food production, agroecology, nature preservation, these are the definitive steps.”, adds Damasceno.
The official area of the settlement is 754 hectares. Currently, the families produce in an area of 179 hectares, an area determined in an agreement made under the judicial negotiation process. Even in the small space, the abundance and variety are great and guarantee what is necessary for their own consumption and for some experiences in marketing and income generation.
Between 2020 and 2021, 2,860 bags of corn, 109 bags of rice, 72 bags of beans, 3.5 tons of cassava were harvested, among the various productions of vegetables, such as okra, cucumber, lettuce, kale, pumpkin, green scent and eggplant.
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Animal production is 140 pigs, 47 horses and mules, 52 sheep, 437 birds (chickens) and 99 cattle. In addition to the production of animals for meat consumption, there is also the creation of dairy cattle, with an average daily production of 400 liters.
In addition to the donation of about 100 food baskets, which will have the participation of other MST communities, on Saturday (28) the “Feast of Popular Agrarian Reform” will be celebrated. The settlement’s community space will receive an event with representatives of the Public Power and religious authorities and a lunch for all those present.
Edition: Leandro Melito