According to the United Nations (UN), at least 130 million people around the world are in a situation of food insecurity by the end of 2020. In Brazil, this number exceeds 84.9 million people. To reduce impacts on all degrees of food insecurity, “Coalition against hunger” published an open letter in which he demanded the sanction of the President of the Republic, Jair Bolsonaro (no party), of the Bill (PL) 823/2021, the Law Assis Carvalho II, in support of peasant family farming.
The measure to support peasant family farming has been awaited by rural producers since March 2020, when the arrival of the new coronavirus in the country was confirmed.
:: Special | Hunger in Brazil: the struggle of Brazilian families to guarantee food on the table ::
Since then, peasant family farming and thousands of Brazilians have suffered drastic losses. In Brazil, about 41% of the Brazilian population lives with hunger or some degree of food insecurity, according to the Family Budget Survey (POF), by the Brazilian Institute of Geography and Statistics (IBGE).
The document is signed by union, popular and environmental movements. PL 823 was approved in the Federal Senate on August 25 with the support of congressmen also in the Chamber of Deputies.
Healthy food production
Peasant family farming currently produces about 75% of the food consumed by Brazilian families and also contributes to the conservation of forest areas that provide water, energy and mitigate climate change.
Read also: Senate approves financial aid measures for family farmers affected by the pandemic
The document also points out the responsibility of the President of the Republic, Jair Bolsonaro (no party), the Minister of Agriculture, Livestock and Supply, Tereza Cristina, and the Minister of Economy, Paulo Guedes. “Failure to meet this demand will contribute to the increase in inflation, food shortages, as well as hunger in Brazil”, warns the letter.
Check out the main points of the Bill:
- PL 823 includes the promotion of rural productive inclusion, funding credit and investments for the production of basic foods and milk, as well as technical assistance support in the elaboration of projects.
- It also provides for the sale of food with a donation to people in a situation of food insecurity in the Emergency Food Acquisition Program (PAE-AF), in the amount of 6,000 reais a year for farmers and 7,000 reais a year for women farmers.
- The PL also provides for the renegotiation of debts due to the pandemic.
- Rural productive inclusion is aimed at thousands of poor and extremely poor male and female farmers who do not have access to credit, technical assistance and marketing.
- An amount of 2,500 reais for family farmers and 3,500 reais for female farmers, which will be used in the production of basic food, allowing for an improvement in the diet of these families and also generating income from the sale of products.
- PL 823/2021 was approved by the vast majority of deputies and deputies, senators and senators in the National Congress.
- The collection of the federal government has increased significantly. In the first half of 2021, the government collected 881.9 billion reais, an increase of 24.49% above the IPCA inflation, a record for the period. The demand for productive development foreseen by PL 823 does not exceed 500 million reais. It is fair that the federal government allocates part of the record collection to support peasant family farming to produce and donate food to those who are hungry.
- Farmers and family farmers recently had significant losses caused by drought across the country and frost in the south and southeast.
- Without Bill (PL) 823/2021, inflation, food shortages, as well as hunger in Brazil will increase.
Signed the document:
Alliance for Adequate and Healthy Eating
National Coordination of Agroecology – ANA
Brazilian Semi-Arid Articulation – ASA
Brazilian Association of Agroecology – ABA
Popular Movements Center – CMP
National Confederation of Rural Workers and Family Farmers – CONTAG
National Confederation of Family Farmers of Brazil – CONTRAF
National Coordination of Articulation of Black Quilombola Communities – CONAQ
Committee of Presidents and Presidents of the State Councils – CPCE
Brazilian Forum on Sovereignty and Food and Nutritional Security – FBSSAN
Organization for the Human Right to Adequate Food and Nutrition – FIAN-Brasil
Peasant Women’s Movement – MMC
Movement of those Affected by Dams – MAB
Small Farmers Movement – MPA
Movement of Artisanal Fishermen and Fishermen – MPP
Landless Rural Workers Movement – MST
Movement of those Affected by Mining – MAM
Popular Peasant Movement – MCP
Homeless Workers Movement – MTST
Pact for the Restoration of the Atlantic Forest
Land of Rights
National Union of Solidary Cooperative Organizations – UNICOPAS
Via Campesina Brazil
WWF – Brazil
Edition: Vivian Virissimo