Dissatisfaction with the Proposed Amendment to the Constitution (PEC) 32, the administrative reform, is not restricted to sectors of opposition to the Jair Bolsonaro government (no party). The text, presented by the Executive in 2020, has been causing discontent in categories commonly associated with pocket money, such as the police.
:: Know what changes in the lives of public servants and the population if PEC 32 is approved ::
The PEC amends 27 articles of the Constitution and introduces 87 new ones. Economy Minister Paulo Guedes defends that administrative reform would be necessary to combat privileges and reduce expenditures in public administration.
On the other hand, trade union centrals denounce the end of stability and the precariousness of essential public services, such as health, education and security.
The president of the Association of Police Delegates of the State of São Paulo (ADPESP) and the National Association of Judiciary Police Delegates (ADPJ), Gustavo Mesquita, presented his questions last Wednesday (18th), in Brasília (DF), to deputy Arthur Maia (DEM/BA), rapporteur of the PEC.
Mesquita defended the revision of points that would threaten the rights of civil police officers, such as the introduction of the modality “trainee servant” for police careers and the “omission of public security careers as exclusive to the State.”
“A civil police officer investigating a white-collar crime, for example, could be fired overnight, without any process to guarantee his defense. This will end the independence of investigations. PEC 32 will bring joy to corrupt politicians and be a great tribute to impunity in Brazil”, emphasized the president of ADPESP on the last 3rd.
At the end of this week’s meeting, the PEC rapporteur signaled that the notes will be analyzed “with due attention”.
In addition to the debates on the reform, Chief Mesquita does not belong to an opposition wing within the police force. On the contrary, on the same day that he questioned the administrative reform in Brasília, it was commemorated by Pocket Parliamentarians for rebutting a statement by São Paulo Governor João Doria (PSDB).
“The Civil Police complies with the Constitution, not the governor’s will,” he told the newspaper Diary of São Paulo on the 17th. “The state governor, who temporarily occupies this seat, does not have the power to determine how the civil police should act or not act.”
In an interview with the magazine Capital Letter in March, the president of the National Federation of Federal Police Officers (Fenapef), Luís Antônio Boudens, estimated that public security professionals’ support for Bolsonaro had dropped from 80% to 40% since the 2018 election.
In his view, the approval of an administrative reform that removed the stability of these professionals could lead to the “general abandonment of police officers to the government”.
The pressures are not new, and are not limited to ADPESP and ADPJ. On June 23, public security workers carried out simultaneous motorcades in more than 20 capitals. In Brasília, hundreds of them gathered in the parking lot of the Mané Garrincha stadium and walked to the Esplanada dos Ministérios with posters and banners opposing the PEC.
Other protests with great repercussion occurred in Rio Grande do Sul, Minas Gerais, Mato Grosso do Sul and Paraná.
In the Northeast region, Alagoas and Pernambuco registered the most expressive manifestations. In Tocantins, the president of the Tocantins Police Union (SINPOL-TO), Suzi Francisca, even referred to the Bolsonaro government proposal as a “criminal”.
Police also participated in demonstrations on August 3 and 18 in at least ten states.
Among the national entities that made calls are the National Union Federation of Prison Servants (Fenasppen), the Union of Police Officers of Brazil (UPB) and the Brazilian Confederation of Civilian Police Workers (Cobrapol).
Protests are usually led by associations and unions of civil and federal police, scientific police and prison officers. The adhesion of military police officers (PMs) is sporadic.
Paraná is one of the few states where PM corporals and soldiers are on the front lines of the protests. The corporation is part of the Union of Public Security Forces (UFS), created in February, which has been calling for demonstrations in several cities in the state against the PEC.
Will PMs be saved?
The PEC 32 provides in its art. 2nd, as a transition rule, changes that would impact all public security agencies and professionals, including police officers and military firefighters.
Among the changes, there is the introduction of the figure of the “trainee police”, mentioned in this article: professionals with public examinations would have two years of experience, and only the best evaluated would remain in their careers.
Among other changes, the PEC would extinguish salary amounts resulting from length of service in all police careers.
Since the beginning of the year, the so-called “bullet bench” has been studying ways to soften the effects of the administrative reform on public security professionals. Highway policeman and federal deputy Antonio Carlos Nicoletti (PSL-RR), for example, proposed an amendment that would extend the deadline for the rules of the PEC to apply to the category.
Another way to spare the military police of PEC 32 is to transform them into a career of State, that is, those that do not exist in the private sector and that would maintain their stability, such as magistrates.
This is the alternative defended by Bolsonaro, behind the scenes. The list of State careers is not officially defined, and should only be finalized after the eventual approval of the PEC, through a complementary law.
Edition: Leandro Melito