The Uruçu Mirim Collective claimed responsibility for the act of fire around a monument to Pedro Álvares Cabral, in the south of Rio de Janeiro, in the early hours of Tuesday (24), to protest against the advance of the Bolsonaro government and Congress National Against Indigenous Peoples.
“Another slavery and genocidal monument was set on fire. We burned the statue of Cabral to destroy everything that he still symbolizes today, in protest against the Temporal Milestone and the continued indigenous genocide,” said the collective, which soon afterwards had the bill blocked by Twitter.
Read more: Understand the STF judgment that defines the future of indigenous lands and civilizations in Brazil
PL 490 includes another 20 bills with several points considered as a setback for indigenous populations, such as the Temporal Framework and the attempt to regularize mining.
This Wednesday (25), the Supreme Court (STF) resumes judgment on the future of demarcation of indigenous lands. By the so-called “time frame”, Indians can only claim the demarcation of lands on which they were already established before the promulgation of the 1988 Constitution.
The political-juridical thesis is defended by ruralists and political and economic sectors interested in the exploitation of indigenous lands and is being questioned by the National Indian Foundation (Funai).
Defenders of the “time frame” rely on a 2009 decision by the Federal Court in Santa Catarina, which repossessed an indigenous area in the Sassafras Biological Reserve. In 2013, the Federal Regional Court of the 4th Region (TRF-4) upheld the decision.
Defenders of native peoples point out that the thesis is unfair, because it disregards expulsions, forced removals and all the violence suffered by indigenous peoples until the promulgation of the Constitution. Furthermore, it ignores the fact that, until 1988, they were protected by the State and could not enter the courts independently to fight for their rights.
Source: BoF Rio de Janeiro
Edition: Eduardo Miranda