The representatives of 176 indigenous peoples who have been meeting in Brasília (DF) since last Monday (23) decided to remain in the city, on vigil, until next Thursday (2).
The decision was taken after a plenary session at the “Luta Pela Vida” camp, where popular leaders are gathered to closely monitor the judgment of the process that deals with the “time frame” thesis.
In all, around 1,000 representatives of the 6,000 who went to Brasília for the mobilization will remain in the city. In agreement with the Federal District government, it was decided that the protesters would change the location of the camp, which from now on will be in Funarte, about 5 km from the headquarters of the Supreme Court (STF).
:: Indigenous rights at stake: what to expect from the judgment of the timeframe in the STF? ::
The case began to be evaluated by the Court last Thursday (26), but the trial was suspended and should continue on Wednesday (1), which is why the indigenous people decided to continue the mobilization.
The vigil of the peoples will also continue in different parts of the country where communities are struggling against the time frame.
In a public letter released this Saturday (28), the leaders evoke the ancestry that is a mark of the culture of traditional peoples, reinforce the fight against the time frame and say they trust the directions to be given by the STF ministers to the case.
“We trust that the Supreme Court will enshrine our original right to land, which does not depend on a specific date of proof of occupation, as defended by the invaders,” says the document, which is available for consultation.
After the 2nd, the mobilizers who are in Brasília should join the Second March of Indigenous Women, which takes place between the 7th and 11th of September, also in the federal capital.
Defended by ruralists, land speculators and other groups, the so-called “time frame” is based on the idea that indigenous communities could only enjoy demarcations in areas where they were already living before 1988, the year the Federal Constitution was enacted.
The idea gained strength from the acceptance of the thesis by the Federal Regional Court of the 4th Region (TRF-4) in 2013, in the judgment of a process that placed the land of the Xokleng peoples in Santa Catarina in check.
:: Time frame threatens the largest Atlantic Forest reserve in the Northeast ::
The case later reached the STF, which gave the process the status of “general repercussions”, which means that the decision to be taken by the ministers next week has the potential to affect all land conflicts involving indigenous areas in the country.
The time frame thesis is harshly rejected by specialists, environmentalists, jurists, anthropologists and other professionals who address issues involving traditional peoples. They point out that the idea is unconstitutional and disregards the original rights of the communities, which is why they argue that the STF should invalidate the thesis.
Edition: Douglas Matos