The population that identifies itself as lesbian and dyke in Brazil has, since Sunday (29) – when the National Day of Lesbian Visibility is celebrated – with a virtual form that aims to gather information about reality and living conditions that community across the country.
In the absence of official public research on this segment, the 1st National Lesbocenso is produced by members of the Brazilian Lesbian League (LBL) and the Lesbian Feminist Association of Brasília – Coturno de Vênus. Between 2018 and 2019, Coturno de Vênus carried out a mapping of lesbians in the Federal District, an initiative also unprecedented.
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According to the organizations, the Lesbocenso seeks to change the scenario of underreporting of crimes, violation of rights and the lack of specific public policies for lesbians and dykes. According to data published in the Lesbocídio Dossier, 126 murders of lesbians were mapped between 2014 and 2017, motivated by lesbophobia, but there may be underreporting. Lesbocide is the death of lesbians and dykes because of lesbophobia or hatred, disgust and discrimination against the lesbian existence. With this mapping, the organizations assess, it will be possible to estimate the prevalence of violence and lesbophobia in relation to this segment of the population.
The National Lesbian Visibility Day refers to the holding, in 1996, of the 1st National Lesbian Seminar, which dealt with the occurrence of violations of the rights of this population. In 22 years, the lesbian theme has gained more space in public debate, but there is still prejudice, violence and social, economic and political exclusion of this population.
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Lesbocense in DF
The Lesbocenso is based on a form available on the internet that gathers data such as age group, race/ethnicity, employment, religion, education level, access to health and violence rates. In the survey carried out in the DF two years ago, around 800 people responded. The result does not mean an absolute number, but a sampling of the situation of that population.
In all, 83% of people who responded to the Lesbocenso questionnaire in the DF claim to have suffered some type of lesbophobic violence, such as harassment, physical and psychological aggression. The survey also showed that 40% of respondents were unemployed, a number well above the general average of the economically active population in Brazil, which is currently around 14%. More than half of the respondents, at the time, reported receiving a salary of up to R$1,000. The vast majority of respondents, about 80%, claimed to have completed higher education.
In terms of race, the Lesbocense of the Federal District shows that most lesbians who declare themselves white live in the Plano Piloto region, while those who declare themselves black live predominantly in the most peripheral regions of the capital. This same differentiation is established in relation to access to health. While lesbians who live in the periphery use the Unified Health System (SUS) exclusively, those who live in central areas claim to have health plans.
Source: Federal District BdF
Edition: Flávia Quirino