What is the Council of the Republic, the body that Bolsonaro wants

President Jair Bolsonaro stated, during the act held this Tuesday morning (7), in Brasília (DF), on Independence Day, that he should meet with the Council of the Republic this Wednesday (8/9), a competent body to assess possible federal intervention, the state of defense or the state of siege.

“Tomorrow [quarta] I will be at the Council of the Republic, together with ministers, together with the president of the Chamber, the Senate and the Federal Supreme Court, with this photograph of you showing where we must all go”, he declared.

According to GloboNews, there is no evidence that the Council of the Republic has already been convened by Bolsonaro, since the cabinets of the Minister of the Civil House, Ciro Nogueira, and the President of the Chamber, Arthur Lira, and of the Senate, Rodrigo Pacheco, have not have been warned. O Brazil in fact he tried to contact the press offices of the heads of Powers to discuss the matter. So far, there has been no return.

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READ QUESTIONS AND ANSWERS ON THE TOPIC:

WHAT IS THE ADVICE?

The Council of the Republic is the highest consulting body of the Presidency. Its function is to pronounce on issues relevant to the stability of democratic institutions, such as federal intervention, the state of defense and the state of siege.

WHEN WAS THE BOARD CREATED?

The existence of the Council was provided for in the 1988 Constitution, in Article 89. The body actually began to function in 1990 when then President Fernando Collor enacted Law No. 8041/90, which regulated this provision of the Constitution.

WHO MAKES THE BOARD?

The Council of the Republic is chaired by the President of the Republic and the following participants:

1) the Vice President of the Republic;

2) the president of the Chamber of Deputies;

3) the president of the Federal Senate;

4) majority and minority leaders in the Chamber of Deputies;

5) majority and minority leaders in the Federal Senate;

6) the Minister of Justice;

7) six native Brazilian citizens, over 35 (thirty-five) years of age, all with a term of office of 3 (three) years, reelection is prohibited, as follows:

  • two appointed by the President of the Republic;
  • two elected by the Federal Senate;
  • two elected by the Chamber of Deputies.

WHO BOLSONARO HAS NOMINATED TO THE BOARD?

In 2020, Bolsonaro chose the minister of the Institutional Security Office (GSI), Augusto Heleno, and the former president of the Federation of Industries of the State of São Paulo (Fiesp), businessman Paulo Skaf, as full members of the Council of the Republic. Bolsonaro also named the President’s Legal Affairs secretary, Pedro Cesar de Sousa, and federal deputy Vitor Hugo (PSL-GO) as alternates.

WHO WERE THE CHAMBER NOMINATED?

In March 2018, the plenary of the Chamber of Deputies elected the then deputy José Carlos Aleluia (DEM-BA) and the former justice minister (in the Dilma Rousseff administration), Eugênio Aragão. As alternates, deputy Capitão Augusto (PR-SP) and lawyer Marcello Lavenére Machado were elected.

WHO WERE THE SENATE NOMINATED?

In November 2018, the Senate this week approved the nominations of federal judge Cid Marconi, and lawyers Tibério de Melo Cavalcante and Marcelo de Almeida Ferrer (alternate).

HAVE THE BOARD MET HERE?

Only once. In 2018, the Council was convened by President Michel Temer (MDB), in a joint session with the National Defense Council, to discuss the decree of federal intervention in the security of Rio de Janeiro. The interventor chosen by the Executive is the current Minister of Defense, General Walter Braga Netto.

Edition: Vinícius Segalla

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